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How To Install Linux Step-By-Step

March 18th, 2017 No comments

How To Install Linux? By Video

Before we dig into how to install Linux lets review what We’ve talked about choosing the best Linux distro that fits your need on this post

Best Linux Distro

and hope you choose the one that is suitable for you

If you want to install Linux there are 2 ways to do that

First way is to download the Linux distribution you want and burn it to a DVD or USB stick and boot your machine with it and complete the installation process

The second way is to install it virtually on a virtual machine like VirtualBox or VMware and continue working on your windows or mac system without rebooting so your Linux system will be contained in a window you can minimize it and continue working on your system.

For me I prefer VirtualBox it’s a free and runs fast on my PC than VMware and natively support installing windows Linux mac OS with all versions

Let’s choose any Linux distro and install it using both 2 ways

Ok I’m going to choose Linux mint they call it the mac os of Linux

It is good distro for laptops and desktops for personal use

The version we are going to install is 18.1 “Serena” at the time of writing that article.

Go to this link and download it

https://www.linuxmint.com/download.php

I prefer Cinnamon desktop version it is promising and elegant

Once you download the iso file you will have to burn it on DVD or the easy way copying it on USB stick using a program called universal USB installer from that link

https://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb-installer-easy-as-1-2-3/

After downloading the program open it and choose from the list the distro you want to install in our case Linux mint and make sure you put your memory stick on the computer and click next and wait till copying process is finished.

how to install linux using usb
how to install Linux using USB

how to install linux mint

install linux choose iso

Now Finally we click create to create bootable USB

create bootable usb install linux

And now you can boot with this memory stick

Then Restart you PC and go to BIOS settings  and select boot options and make sure the USB is the first one then it will show the installation screen press Enter it will load the live CD content which is on the USB or DVD

boot linux

install linux boot menu

Then desktop will appear like that

linux boot complete

Click install Linux mint

Then choose the language used for installation

choose language

install third party

Then choose the installation type and TAKE CARE if you are installing Linux on a disk that contains another system you MUST choose the option called something else

delete partitions

But if you installing it on new disk choose the option Erase disk

Linux requires 2 partitions to work on root partition and swap partition

Now we will create them by clicking the plus button and choose about 12 GB or more as you need but not less than that for root partition and choose mount type as / which stands for root and of course format will be Ext4

linux create partitions

Now we create swap partition choose the remaining free space and click the plus button and choose swap area as shown

create root partition

choose free space

Then Create swap area

create swap area

Then click install now and agree about writing changes to disk

click install linux

confirm install

Now you choose the time zone and click continue the choose the language

choose timezone

choose linux language

Now you write your username and password and click continue

choose username

Finally, installation started

linux installlation started

After finishing installation it will prompt you to reboot the machine and remove the installation media DVD or USB

linux installation finished

And yes this is how to install Linux on Physical machine

linux welcome screen

linux start menu

The second way it to install Linux is to install it on VirtualBox First download VirtualBox from here

https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

Then install it easy steps then

there are 2 ways to use Linux on VirtualBox

The first way is easy it like the normal installation process

Open VirtualBox and click new and choose Linux and ubuntu 64

linux virtualbox create vm

Then choose the RAM required not less than 1 GB and choose the disk file type or leave it as VDI and dynamically allocated and the size not less than 12 GB and hit ok

linux virtualbox assign ram

linux virtualbox hdd type

linux virtualbox hdd file

linux virtualbox dynamic allocated
Then file location for disk to be used

linux virtualbox hdd size

So now the VirtualBox is created we just need to make it boot from the DVD we’ve downloaded

Choose from settings > Storage and choose the iso image and click ok.

linux virtualbox settings
Then choose the iso image
linux virtualbox boot iso
Then Click start

linux virtualbox start

After loading the desktop click install Linux mint and the rest of the steps are as the mentioned above without any change And this is how to install Linux on a virtual machine.

This post was originally published on Like Geeks site here.

Categories: LikeGeeks, Linux Tags:

Best Linux Distro For 2017 That Fits Your Needs

March 11th, 2017 No comments

What Is The Best Linux Distro For 2017?

So what is the best Linux distro? If you know Linux you may know that there are a lot and a lot of Linux distros out there and you can check most of them from distro watch website

https://distrowatch.com/

 

You may try few of them so what is the difference between them and which one of them suitable for you and what is the best Linux distro?

Well that question needs you to walk around and what other provide and Pros and Cons of everyone but I gather some information from the web about the most used and loved distros that you might use and fit yourself with one of them

I’m going to walk through every one of those distros and you will choose the best Linux distro yourself according to your needs

 

Elementary OS: Elegant Looking and fast speed

best linux distro elementary-os
best Linux distro elementary-os

Elementary OS is a Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. It uses Pantheon desktop environment which gives the distro the beautiful looking and lightweight on your PC

So if your concern about the best looking this is the best Linux distro for you

https://elementary.io/

 

Linux Mint: Best Distro for Desktop Computers

best linux distro linux mint

They call this distro Mac OS X of the Linux because it is the best Linux distro for laptops and desktops some people might say they do not prefer it because of the desktop environment which is called Cinnamon But now it is LTS (long term support) and is more stable than ever and developers of that desktop spend a lot of time to make it better than ubuntu so if you are searching about powerful computing this is the best Linux distro that you might need

https://www.linuxmint.com/

 

Tails: Best Distro for Privacy

best linux distro tails os

Nothing beats tails distro in privacy and security because that was the purpose of that distro It’s a Debian-based distribution that gives you privacy

So if your privacy matters this is the best Linux distro you should choose

https://tails.boum.org/

 

CentOS: Best Distro for Servers

best linux distro centos

If you check the servers around the world you will notice that the huge percent of servers uses centos specially and this is because of one very important thing

The famous and cool hosting control panel cPanel runs only on CentOS

And for many people that might let them choose it

So for Servers CentOS is the best distro that you should go with

https://www.centos.org/

 

Arch Linux: Simplicity and Customization

best linux distro arch linux

Arch Linux is the best Linux distro for those who want to learn everything about Linux

Experts categorize this distro as the most customizable Linux distro on the web and with the rich documentation on their website that makes it the best one Geeks

https://www.archlinux.org/

 

Lubuntu and Xubuntu: old hardware compatible

best linux distro lubuntu

If your hardware is a bit old then you might need something light that you can run without problems and Hang

For this sake, there is a lightweight desktop environment like LXDE and XFCE

Lubuntu comes with LXDE and Xubuntu comes with XFCE and both are lightweight

So if the old hardware is your limit these might be the best one that you should try

http://lubuntu.net/

http://xubuntu.org/

 

Steam OS: Linux Gaming

best linux distro steamOS

Many gamers use windows for gaming and if they love Linux they may dual boot with Linux till coming to that distro of Linux which is dedicated for gamers and games so if you are a gamer this is the best one for you

http://store.steampowered.com/steamos/

 

Keep in mind that all the mentioned distros are the best when writing that article, the world is changing everyday who knows what will be the best next? see you then

This post was originally published on Like Geeks site here.

Categories: LikeGeeks, Linux Tags: